(a) This Chapter shall govern relationships between all landlords and tenants on the lands of the Colville Indian Reservation and over all property within the Reservation whether private or public real property. Provided that a Tribal Department or the Colville Housing Authority may prescribe a different procedure in which case the more specific procedure shall govern.

(b) Any action for rent due or other breach or default of a legal or rental or purchase agreement shall be brought pursuant to this Chapter and applicable sections of this Code.


Commencement of suit shall be in pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 2-2 (Civil Actions) of this Code provided that any employee of the Colville Confederated Tribes the Colville Indian Housing Authority may make personal service of the Notice of Suit Complaint or other documents required to carry out the provisions of this Chapter.


In any action under this Chapter it shall not be a defense to such action that the tenant or occupant is unable to pay rent or other monthly payments when due for the right of occupying the premises unless the lease or other agreement in force with reference to the property at issue provides other wise.


In any action under this Chapter the Court shall apply this Chapter applicable provisions of this Code and the provisions of any and all leases or agreements rules and regulations etc. in force with regard to the property or tenancy which is the subject matter of the action. In the absence of tribal law on any particular subject the Court may look to provisions in federal law or the general law of the states for guidance in fashioning a remedy.


The procedures set out in this Chapter shall apply to any action to terminate a landlord tenant relationship under Chapter 9-3 and to obtain possession of property after foreclosure of a Mortgage or Deed of Trust.


A tenant or other occupier of land shall be guilty of unlawful detainer if such person shall continue to occupy real property under any of the following situations:

(a) After the expiration of the term of the lease or other agreement or

(b) Upon entering onto or remaining on the real property of another without the permission of the owner and without having any substantial claim of a lease or title to the property or

(c) After an Indian Housing Authority or other Public Housing Authority has terminated such person's tenancy pursuant to procedures established by the Housing Authority or

(d) After the interest of such person in a lease has been foreclosed in a leasehold mortgage foreclosure proceeding in the Tribal Court.

(e) After failing to pay rent.

9-3-7 NOTICE

(a) Any party may commence an action in Tribal Court for any violation of Subsections 9-3-6 (a) through (d) without any additional notice prior to the commencements of the Tribal Court proceeding.

(b) No action may be commenced in Tribal Court for a failure to pay rent when due until after having received 30 days' notice the Tenant or occupier shall remain in possession of the property contrary to the terms of the notice as follows:

(1) When such person has received notice:

(i) That he is in default in the payment of rent and
(ii) requiring him in the alternative to pay the rent or surrender possession of the occupied property shall fail to pay the rent or surrender poss

(2) When the lease of the property is for an indefinite time with rent to be paid monthly or by some other period and the lessor had given notice of termination or the tenancy as required under this section at least 30 days prior to the end of such month or period or

(3) When such person shall continue to fail to keep or perform any condition or covenant of the lease or agreement under which the property is held after he has been given notice under this section to either perform such condition or covenant or to surrender the property or

(4) When such person continues to commit or to permit wast upon or maintain a nuisance upon the occupied property after having been given notice as required under this section in the alternative either to cease such waste or maintenance of nuisance or to surrender the property.


Notice required under Section 9-3-7 shall be given in writing by either:

(a) Delivering a copy personally to the tenant or occupier or to any adult member of his family residing on the premises or

(b) Posting said notice in a conspicuous place near the entrance to said premises and in addition sending an additional copy to the tenant or occupier by certified mail return receipt requested properly addressed to the last known address of the tenant or occupier postage prepaid.

(c) Proof of service by either of the above methods may be made by affidavit of any adult person stating that he or she has complied fully with the requirements of this section.


The Complaint and summons to commence an action for unlawful detainer shall in addition to those procedural requirements imposed by Court Rule or under the general procedures for the commencement of an action in Tribal Court shall comply with the following:

(a) The complaint signed by the owner lessor the Secretary agent or attorney stating:

(1) The facts on which recovery is based.
(2) Describing the property so that it can be identified with reasonable certainty.
(3) Any claim for damages or compensation due from the persons to be evicted.


Notwithstanding any other provision in this Code or Court Rule the Tribal Court shall set an unlawful detainer action for hearing expeditiously. The hearing date shall be set no latter than 30 days following the date that the defendant must respond to the suit.


(a) The Colville Tribal Court shall enter a Writ of Restitution if:

(i) Notices as required by this Chapter have been given and
(ii) The Colville Tribal Court finds that the occupier of the real property is guilty of an act of unlawful detainer.

(b) Upon the issuance of a Writ of Restitution the Tribal Court shall have authority to enter against the defendants a judgment for the following: back rent unpaid utilities charges due the Tribe Indian Housing Authority or land owner under any lease or occupancy agreement (not including under a leasehold mortgage) and for damages caused by the defendants to the property other than ordinary wear and tear. The Tribal Court shall have authority to award to the prevailing party his costs and reasonable attorney's fees in bringing suit.


Except by agreement of all parties there shall be no continuance in cases involving the Secretary.


Upon the issuance of a writ of Restitution by the Tribal Court tribal law enforcement officers shall enforce the Writ of Restitution by evicting the defendants and their property from the premises which are unlawful occupied. In cases involving the Secretary the Secretary may request that the Writ of Restitution be enforced not later than 60 days after the date of service of the summons and complaint.


(a) Tribe shall mean the Confederated Tribes of Colville Reservation hereafter Colville Confederated Tribes or Tribe.

(b) Tribal Court shall mean the Colville Tribal Court as established by the laws of the Tribe or other entity as may now or hereafter be authorized by the laws of the Tribe to exercise the powers and functions of a court of law.

(c) Lessor shall refer to the Tribe Indian Housing Authority or such other person or entity who shall have an interest in real property which for a limited time has been leased or rented to another and the term lessor shall include an Indian Housing Authority which has leased real property under a Mutual Help and Occupancy Agreement Rental Lease Agreement or other similar arrangement whereby the tenant may on certain conditions obtain ownership of the occupied house at the end of occupancy under the agreement.

(d) Secretary shall mean the Secretary of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) or the Secretary of the Veterans Administration or their designee attorney or agent or the assignee of the Secretary.

(e) Tenant shall mean any person who occupies real property under a lease rental agreement or other agreement with a lessor as defined in this Section.

(f) Unlawful Detainer Action shall be a suit brought in the Tribal Court to terminate a tenant's interest in real property and or to evict any person from occupancy of real property.

(g) Writ of Restitution is an order of the Tribal Court:

(1) Restoring an owner or lessor or the Secretary to possession of real property and
(2) Evicting a tenant or other occupant there from.

(h) Nuisance is the maintenance on real property of a condition which:

(1) Unreasonably threatens the health or safety of the public or neighboring land users or,
(2) Unreasonably and substantially interferes with the ability of neighboring property users to enjoy the reasonably use and occupancy of their property.

(i) Waste is spoil or destruction by a tenant of land buildings gardens trees or other improvements which result in substantial injury to the lessor's interest in the property.

(j) Gender (singular or plural). Reference to persons by terms denoting one sex shall be taken as referring to either sex. Reference to persons by a term denoting the singular shall include the plural.